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Why is deep root fertilizing in the fall a good idea for trees and shrubs in your landscape?

In temperate zones like Nova Scotia, root growth for trees and shrubs occur in the spring and fall when soil temperatures and moisture levels are optimal and favorable. During dry and cold soil conditions, root growth is very restricted (almost dormant). This is why spring and fall are the best times to fertilize trees and shrubs in your landscape.

In the fall, the ratio of macronutrients (Nitrogen:Phosphorus:Potassium) is different from that in the spring. In the spring, there is a higher level of Nitrogen and lower levels of Phosphorus because the tree/shrub needs it to push out new green growth to promote photosynthesis. In the fall, there is a higher level of Phosphorus and lower levels of Nitrogen to promote root growth instead of new growth because photosynthesis is slowing down and stopping (for leaf bearing trees). Any new growth in the fall may not harden off before winter, therefore damaging the trees.

To be proactive and prepare your trees and shrubs for the winter, book a fall consultation with the tree and shrub experts at Arbor Plant Health Care (1-902-223-4028) to set up your fall fertilizing program today!
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Bookings for fall fertilization, planting and pruning are quickly filling up. So be proactive and get your structural pruning done on your trees before we enter our active hurricane season here in the Atlantic Provinces. With the hot summer season we have had, ocean water temperatures are at all time high, meaning it has more energy to sustain hurricanes and tropical storms. Don't leave it last minute! Call 902-223-4028 to book your free consultation or arrange for tree work today! ... See MoreSee Less

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Join the Arbor Team! Arbor is looking for an experienced climbing arborist who is looking for a long-term team position. There are many opportunities for personal growth, development, training and education with our company. Invest in Arbor Plant Health Care and we will invest in you.

Duties include:
-Tree Climbing
-Tree and shrub pruning and removal
-Running Equipment such as chipper, skidsteer, stump grinder, compact lift, and bucket truck.
-Equipment Maintenance

Minimal Requirements:
-Physically Fit
-Hardworking, Honest, Integrity, Team Player
-Valid class 5 drivers licence.
-Ability to operate machinery
-Chainsaw and climbing experience
-Ability to operate or willingness to learn to operate equipment such as a bucket truck, skidsteer, stump grinder, compact lift.

Additional Qualifications:
-Arborist Certification
-College Background in Arboriculture or Horticulture
-Training certifications in Chainsaw safety, Fall Arrest, EHAP, or other relative training.
-Mechanically Inclined
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Believe it or not, we are technically already in hurricane season here in Atlantic Canada. According to Environment Canada, it officially runs from June 1 to November 30th because the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean have enough energy to support tropical cyclones. However, typically we don’t tend to see the more powerful storms until mid season in September and October.

What kinds of hazards should you take care of before our peak hurricane season?
-Dead and broken branches
-Cavities, cracks or splits
-Rotten or decaying wood (presence of mushrooms)
-Leaning trunks
-Damages from other fallen trees
-Recent construction adjacent to tree
-Damages to the root system

There are many options besides removal to prepare your trees for the hurricane season. The team at Arbor Plant Health Care can help you choose the best solution for your property and budget. We are booking now for the fall, so don’t delay preparation for the hurricane season. Call today 902-223-4028 to book your consultation.
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These hot, humid, dog days of summer seem to be impacting us all, but unlike your trees, we are able to find some relief. The relentless heat and lack of rain during the summer can be seen making your grass crispy and your landscape plants wilted. But what does drought stress look like for trees?

Your tree is lacking sufficient water if it has any of the following symptoms:
1. Leaves appear to be lighter in color or yellowish
2. Scorching around the leaf edges
3. Wilted leaves
4. Leaves falling off the tree before they are supposed to
5. Stunted growth
6. Increase in seed production

As if drought stress wasn’t troubling enough, trees that are under stress are more susceptible to being attacked by insects and disease.

So what should you do? If you have sufficient water supply, you need to water trees like all your other plants in your landscape.

How much water does a tree need? That depends on the tree species. A leafy tree such as an oak or maple loses more water through its leaves than a tree with needles such as a pine or fir, therefore, it will need more water. Most importantly, trees that are taller with a larger canopy need more water than a smaller tree. Newly planted trees will require additional watering during drought conditions.

The watering zone of a tree should start at the trunk and extend outwards to about ½ the height of the tree and should be applied slowly so it gets absorbed into the soil. You may need to check the surrounding soil for moisture after water application. If you dig 2-3 inches into the ground and it is still dry, then your tree needs more water. Arbor Plant Health Care recommends a fertilizer blend that they use to help shrubs and trees better withstand drought conditions. Call 902-223-4028 to book a consultation now!
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Definitely Summer now, eh - mailchi.mp/100b10de7a69/definitely-summer-now-eh ... See MoreSee Less

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The Magic of Mulch!

Mulching placed over the soil surface around your trees and plant beds on your property not only makes things look neat and tidy, but it has other important functions.

- Improves soil conditions and retain moisture. Evaporation is reduced and the need for watering can be minimized.
- Reduces and controls weeds
- Insulates in winter and cools in summer
-Reduces damage from lawnmowers and whipper snippers
-Improve soil aeration and nutrient levels

When applying mulch, the right amount is important. Aim for 2-4 inches deep and avoid a "mulch volcano" around the base of the tree. This can cause excess moisture in the root zone potentially causing root rot. Think wide but not deep.

Arbor Plant Health Care recommends selecting an organic mulch over an inorganic mulch. Organic mulches can include wood chips, hardwood/softwood bark, and compost mixes but are all derived from plant material. The dark brown bark mulch is a popular selection but can come in other dyed colors. Organic mulches eventually decompose and will have to be replenished but it is adding essential organic matter back into the soil.

Arbor Plant Health Care uses Kel-Ann Organics for their mulch and topsoil needs but you can typically get it at your local greenhouse in bulk or in bags.
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Arbor Plant Health Care does offer planting services in addition to premium tree care services. Members of the Arbor team have diplomas in Landscape Horticulture from Dalhousie University that accompany years of industry experience. Here is a recent project completed by our own Kirk Fletcher, at a home in Dartmouth. Having an expert who knows what they are doing can make your property more aesthetically pleasing and add curb appeal for future home buyers as it did for these clients! ... See MoreSee Less

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Are you seeing these caterpillar nests in your trees and are grossed out? Your are not alone! These nests house Tent Worms or Eastern Tent Caterpillars.

These nests tend to form among the branches of ornamental fruit trees and wild cherry trees. They do not kill the tree, but can eat the leaves of the tree, leaving it bare and unsightly. However, if you see this happening every year in the same tree, it may eventually stress the tree and leave it open to other disease and pests. The only guaranteed method to rid your tree of the nest is to removing/pruning the branches with the nest which can prevent the caterpillars from defoliating your tree.
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June already? - mailchi.mp/796521e25024/june-already ... See MoreSee Less

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Precision tree felling at it's finest. This video was taken at a construction site in Bedford, NS. Dave Cooper directed the 70 ft white pine with strategic cuts and Blair Cameron is pulled it over with the skidsteer. This is why you hire the tree experts at Arbor Plant Health Care! ... See MoreSee Less

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What is a “witches broom” aka dwarf mistletoe?

No it’s not your Halloween character’s mode of transportation (or your mother-in-laws for that matter), it’s actually a type of accelerated growth of small, dense, clusters of branches that grow on an otherwise normal tree branch.

Why does it grow?

Dwarf mistletoe can grow because the tree has been infected with a parasite, a pathogen or mites/aphids. Typically it doesn’t lead to the death of a tree, but it is unsightly to look at. In Eastern Canada, it normally targets black spruce, tamarack and white spruce species but on a job site recently, Arbor Plant Health Care discovered a rare “witches broom” on a Japanese Maple.

How can you prevent a “witches broom”?

Infected tree branches should be removed by pruning. Tree removal can also be a solution. Keep trees healthy and promote vigor through proper tree maintenance - pruning, fertilization, watering and insect control. Contact Arbor Plant Health Care to set up a tree maintenance program today!
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This tree you may have seen alongside roads in your travels. It is native to Nova Scotia and is called the Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis). In the spring, it has delicate white blossoms that provide an early food source for pollinating insects. At the time of blossom, it also has reddish leaves that turn green later on in the season. It a produces a small, purple-red berry that can be used in jams and jellies or a yummy food source for local birds and squirrels. ... See MoreSee Less

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4 months ago

Arbor Plant Health Care

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Have you added any new trees/shrubs to your property? What should you do now?

New root growth in warmer soils should start occurring one week to two months after planting. In our climate, when the soil is cool, it may take many months for this to start. Maximum root growth does take place during the warmer months. You want to make sure to follow the following steps after planting to ensure longevity and health of your tree:

1. Frequent watering - new trees will not start to establish large root systems outside the root ball for at least two years after planting so the root ball soil needs to be watered frequently. So aim to give a good watering 1-2 times a week, especially during the warm season. Check root ball for adequate moisture.

2. Avoid fertilization at time of planting with the exception of a slow release fertilizer (which releases small amounts of fertilizer over a longer period of time), that is higher in nitrogen than phosphorous, This will allow the roots to become established. Once root establishment has occurred (may be sooner for some trees) fertilizing the tree is recommended.

3. Consider insecticide or fungicide sprays that have been approved locally. Wood boring insects tend to attack newly planted trees. Fungal cankers can infect any damages to the trees so consider a fungicide spray as well. Keeping the tree adequately watered can prevent canker.

4. Structural pruning can be done in the following years after establishment when trees are young so that smaller growing branches don't compete with the larger main branches of the tree.

For more information on transplanting, fertilization, pruning and spraying, the team at Arbor Plant Health Care can help you with your concerns and needs. Call 902-223-4028 to set up a consultation.
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What should you look for when choosing a tree from a nursery?

1. Choose trees with one straight lead (one trunk).

2. Branches should be well spaced out and firmly attached.

3. Tree should be free of damage or injuries. It should be free of insects.

4. A healthy root system - if the tree is a decent size, the root ball of the tree should also be large. The root ball should be 10 to 12 times the size of the diameter of the tree trunk.

5. If it is potted, the pot should be large to accommodate the tree roots. Pot bound trees have circling roots within the pot - you don't want this.

6. Look for wilted or discolored leaves which indicates an unhealthy tree.

7. Do your research before going to the nursery - good nurseries will be knowledgeable and should be able to answer any questions.

Arbor Plant Health Care's reliable, go to nurseries are located in the Valley:
Blomidon Nurseries: blomidonnurseries.com/
Baldwin Nurseries: www.baldwinnurseries.ca/
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4 months ago

Arbor Plant Health Care

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Happy Monday Everyone! Have you been looking around your yard and wondering what can you be doing this time of year to improve it's appearance? This time of year is the perfect time for planting and transplanting plants, trees and shrubs. There are lots of different options available at many different local greenhouses and nurseries.

Unsure of what to trees and shrubs are suitable for your property?

Visit: arbornovascotia.com/arbor-advice/planting-a-tree/ for 9 easy to follow steps on how to properly add a tree to your landscape.

To take the guess work out of tree selection, contact the certified arborists and landscape experts at Arbor Plant Health Care to help you select the perfect addition to your home landscape.
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Arbor Plant Health Care has been open and operating at full capacity during this Covid-19 pandemic. Services to clients have not changed but our operational guidelines regarding safety of our employees and our clients have been adjusted according to public health safety measures. For a complete list of our changed guidelines please see below.

1. Social distancing is to be practiced at all times as mandated by both the provincial and federal governments.

2. A minimum of 6 ft apart is to be kept at all times. If this cannot be done the job will be shut down.

3. The maximum number of people on a job site is to be no more than 5.

4. There will be only one person in a vehicle. The driver only.

5. Vehicles will be sanitized at the start and end of every day.

6. Number of people in the office to be limited to 2 people at a time and 3 people in the shop.

7. During sales visits, all quotes and materials are to be emailed to potential client (or printed materials upon request).
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4 months ago

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